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Breed of the Month Archives - Dog House Chatter

  • Breed of the Month: Samoyed
    November 13, 2012 by Nylabone Products  |  Breed of the Month  |  Comments (0)  | 

    SAMOYED

    ORIGIN AND HISTORY

    The Samoyed dates back to 1000 BCE, and he hasn’t changed much in appearance or temperament in all that time. The breed is named for the Samoyede people, a nomadic tribe that lived on the tundra of northern Russia and Siberia, near the Arctic Circle. The tribe used the dogs they called bjelkiers to herd reindeer, pull sledges, and occasionally hunt bears. These friendly and useful dogs were treated as members of the family, living with them in their primitive dwellings.


    European polar explorers discovered these dogs in the mid-1800s. They incorporated the dogs into the expedition parties to the Arctic and Antarctic and brought some home with them, mostly to England. In 1889, British zoologist Ernest Kilburn-Scott spent several months living with the Samoyede people. He brought a male puppy home with him and then imported several more, and it was he who gave the breed its name. The Samoyed became a favorite of the British aristocracy before spreading out all over the world. The first breed standard was written in England in 1909.


    Read more about the Samoyed.



    Find a Nylabone chew, treat, or toy for your Samoyed or large dog!

    Excerpted from World Atlas of Dog Breeds, 6th Edition. © 2009 T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Used by Permission.

    World Atlas of Dog Breeds

  • Breed of the Month: Cardigan Welsh Corgi
    August 13, 2012 by Nylabone Products  |  Breed of the Month  |  Comments (0)  | 

    ORIGIN AND HISTORY

    It is believed that a dog resembling the Cardigan came to the part of Wales (now known as Cardiganshire) when the Celts migrated there around 1000 BCE. The derivation of the name Corgi is attributed to the Celtic word for “dog” (corgi). These dogs were used to work cattle, and because of their size could nip at the livestock’s heels while avoiding being kicked. This trait became particularly valuable to the working Welsh crofters (farmers) when the British Crown decreed that they could own and work only a few acres that surrounded their farms. This land was fenced; the crofters were considered tenants, and all other land was considered common land, where cattle could be grazed. The Corgi’s style of working actually drove the cattle farther afield rather than keeping them herded together, which allowed for a larger grazing area. Competition among crofters for grazing land became fierce, and the Corgis helped define areas. Eventually, this practice by the Crown was abolished, and the crofters were able to own and farm their own land. This led them to use more traditional herding dogs, and the Corgi found himself more frequently by the hearth than in the fields.


    Two closely related Welsh Corgis exist today: the Cardigan (long-tailed) and the Pembroke (tailless). They share a common history and were interbred and shown together until 1934, when the Kennel Club officially recognized them as separate breeds. Since the 1930s, fanciers of one type or another have emphasized the breed’s individualities—the Cardigan has a tail and is a bit heavier-boned and longer than the Pembroke. Also, the Cardigan’s ears are larger and set wider, and his coat comes in different colors.



    Read more about the Cardigan Welsh Corgi.

    Find a Nylabone chew, treat, or toy for your Cardigan Welsh Corgi or small dog!

    Excerpted from World Atlas of Dog Breeds, 6th Edition. © 2009 T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Used by Permission.

    World Atlas of Dog Breeds

  • Dog Breed of the Month: Bouvier Des Flandres
    August 13, 2012 by Nylabone Products  |  Breed of the Month  |  Comments (0)  | 

    ORIGIN AND HISTORY

    The Bouvier des Flandres was developed from a rough-coated cattle dog native to northern France and Belgium. Flanders is an area that covers parts of Belgium, France, and the Netherlands, and both France and Belgium have claimed the Bouvier des Flandres as theirs—so much so that the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) dubbed it the “Franco-Belgian” dog.


    The Bouvier des Flandres was a messenger and ambulance dog during World War I, and it’s fortunate that this brought him recognition and visibility because when Flanders was nearly destroyed during the war, so was he. A Belgian army veterinarian, Captain Darby, can be credited with saving the Flandres breed through the war years. Today, the Bouvier is on the job in places all over the world, where he is also treasured as a first-rate companion.


    Read more about the Bouvier Des Flandres.

    Find a Nylabone chew, treat, or toy for your Bouvier Des Flandres or large dog!

    Excerpted from World Atlas of Dog Breeds, 6th Edition. © 2009 T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Used by Permission.

    World Atlas of Dog Breeds


  • Breed of the Month: Chesapeake Bay Retriever
    February 14, 2012 by Nylabone Products  |  Breed of the Month  |  Comments (1)  | 
    Chesapeake Bay Retriever

    ORIGIN AND HISTORY

    Early settlers to the United States marveled at the richness and diversity of life in and along the Chesapeake Bay. Ducks have always been especially plentiful, and sportsmen with able retrievers have enjoyed great success there. So valued was the right kind of retriever that over time, a special dog was developed—one who could withstand the icy water and rough waves of the saltwater bay.

    The breed’s development happened over much of the 19th century and had multiple influences. Two shipwrecked Newfoundland-type dogs, a black female named “Canton” and a red male named “Sailor,” are credited with founding the breed, but since these dogs were never bred to each other, it is likely that other breeds were also used. It is believed that Red Winchesters from Ireland and possibly the Irish Water Spaniel contributed to the Chesapeake Bay Retriever. Records show that some of these dogs could average a thousand ducks each fall, and the tougher the hunting conditions, the more they seemed to like it.

    Read more about the Chesapeake Bay Retriever.

    Find a Nylabone chew, treat, or toy for your Chesapeake Bay Retriever or large dog!

    Excerpted from World Atlas of Dog Breeds, 6th Edition. © 2009 T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Used by Permission.

    World Atlas of Dog Breeds

  • Breed of the Month: Wire Fox Terrier
    January 18, 2012 by Nylabone Products  |  Breed of the Month  |  Comments (0)  | 
    Wire Fox Terrier Dog

    ORIGIN AND HISTORY

    An old English breed, the Fox Terrier dog was used in the 18th century by foxhunters who needed a compact, energetic, bold dog who would go to ground after quarry. The hunter would carry the dog on horseback in a sack or box while following the foxhounds in hot pursuit; when the fox took cover, the hunter would set the terrier down to rout it out. The Fox Terrier was bred to be a quick thinker, relying on his instincts rather than orders from his owner. History has dictated that he should be mostly white, with no red allowed in the coat, so that he could be easily distinguished from the fox in the fray of the hunt.
    There are two types of Fox Terrier, distinguished by coat: Wire and Smooth. Although coat is the only major difference between them today, authorities believe that the Smooth and Wire probably have very different origins. Ancestors of the Smooth are believed to include England’s smooth-coated black and tan terrier, the Bull Terrier, and even the Greyhound and Beagle. The Wire is believed to have descended from the rough-coated black and tan terrier of Wales.

    Read more about the Wire Fox Terrier.

    Find a Nylabone chew, treat, or toy for your Wire Fox Terrier or small dog!

    Excerpted from World Atlas of Dog Breeds, 6th Edition. © 2009 T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Used by Permission.

    World Atlas of Dog Breeds

  • Breed of the Month: German Shepherd Dog
    December 13, 2011 by Nylabone Products  |  Breed of the Month  |  Comments (6)  | 
    German Shepherd Dog

    Country of Origin: Germany
    Height: 21.5–26 inches
    Weight: 48.5–88 pounds
    Coat: Double coat with medium-length, straight, dense, harsh, close-lying outercoat and thick undercoat; may have neck ruff
    Colors: Most colors allowed except white
    Registries (with Group): AKC (Herding); UKC (Herding)

    ORIGIN AND HISTORY

    The German Shepherd Dog (“GSD”) is one of the most widely recognized breeds in the world, known and favored in many countries for its intelligence, trainability, adaptability and fortitude. The foundation of this breed can be traced to the work of Rittmeister Max von Stephanitz (known as the father of the breed) who, while attending a dog show, bought a working dog who possessed all the qualities he believed essential for a strong, capable German herder. In April 1899, von Stephanitz registered a dog named Horand von Grafrath with the Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde, the club for German Shepherd Dogs that he cofounded. Von Stephanitz controlled and directed this club that promoted German Shepherds from 1899 to 1935. As demand for herding decreased, von Stephanitz was determined not to let his Shepherds decline. He encouraged the breed’s use by the police and the military—during World War I, there were 48,000 Shepherds “enlisted” in the German Army. Today, the GSD serves perhaps in more ways than any other breed—they excel at search and rescue, police work, army and sentry work, scent discrimination, as guide and assistance dogs, and of course, as companions.

    PERSONALITY PROFILE

    The accolades of the German Shepherd Dog include exceptional loyalty, bravery, and intelligence. As a dog who performs many special services and a host of tasks, he is by nature poised and unexcitable, with well-controlled nerves. He must be patient, quick thinking, discriminating, and keenly observant. The well-bred German Shepherd Dog is capable of excelling at any number of things, including family companion and protector. He is gentle and kind with children of all ages and amazingly tuned in to the people around him.

    CARE REQUIREMENTS

    • Exercise: The athletic, intelligent, and sensitive German Shepherd Dog does best with regular and vigorous exercise. He has been trained to do just about everything and anything, and performing work or engaging in sports and activities with people is what he is all about. As adaptable as he is, the GSD is not a dog who can sit inside all day waiting for the occasional outing. He must be stimulated physically and mentally to reach his potential.
    • Grooming: The dense undercoat of the German Shepherd Dog requires regular brushing to keep it under control. He is a seasonally heavy shedder. Otherwise, the coat serves its protective and insulating purposes and takes care of itself. He should not be bathed frequently because it depletes the skin and coat of essential oils.
    • Life Span: 10 to 14 years.
    • Training: German Shepherd Dogs thrive with training. Used for years as service dogs, they also excel in sports such as competitive obedience, herding, agility, flyball, and many others. GSDs are quick learners who don’t bore easily, although they do appreciate a quick-thinking trainer who will keep them challenged.

    Find a Nylabone chew, treat, or toy for your German Shepherd Dog or large dog!

    Excerpted from World Atlas of Dog Breeds, 6th Edition. © 2009 T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Used by Permission.

    World Atlas of Dog Breeds

  • Breed of the Month: Siberian Husky
    November 16, 2011 by Nylabone Products  |  Breed of the Month  |  Comments (5)  | 
    Siberian Husky

    Country of Origin: Siberia
    Height: 20–23.5 inches
    Weight: 35–60 pounds
    Coat: Double coat with medium-length, straight, soft, somewhat smooth-lying outercoat and soft, dense undercoat
    Colors: All colors from black to pure white; variety of markings on head are common
    Registries (with Group): AKC (Working); UKC (Northern)

    ORIGIN AND HISTORY

    The nomadic Chukchi tribe of extreme Northeast Asia bred dogs of this type since ancient times to pull sledges and hunt reindeer. For centuries, continuing through the 19th century, the Chukchi people were famous for their excellent long-distance sled dogs. The tribe lived in permanent inland settlements and had to travel long distances to hunt the sea mammals that fed both people and dogs. A small sled dog was ideal—one who could exist on little food. Neither sprinters nor freighters, these dogs were endurance animals who could pull light loads of killed game at moderate speeds over long distances. Then known as the Siberian Chukchi, the breed first arrived in the United States in 1909, brought across the Bering Strait from Siberia to Alaska. The dogs took to life and work there as readily as they did in their homeland.

    PERSONALITY PROFILE

    The Siberian is fun loving, friendly, gentle, alert, and outgoing. As a puppy, he is playful and mischievous; as he matures, he becomes more dignified and reserved. Still, he is not possessive, territorial, or suspicious of strangers. He was bred to live and work as part of a team, so he does not like to be alone. The Siberian gets along well with children and other dogs, but he is predatory toward smaller animals. He has a tendency to howl rather than bark.

    CARE REQUIREMENTS

    • Exercise: The Siberian was bred to run tirelessly for long distances in front of a sled. Understandably, his need for ample exercise is inborn. He should have a large, escape-proof yard in which to run around, as well as a daily run or jog on a leash.
    • Grooming: The Siberian’s coat requires only minimal attention, except during shedding season, when he loses his entire undercoat. He should be combed daily during those periods.
    • Life Span: 10 to 14 years.
    • Training: This dog was bred to run in front of a sled and make his own decisions. He also loves to chase small animals. Given those facts, no amount of training will make it safe for him to be off lead outside of a fenced area. He is intelligent and friendly, but he can be stubborn and may obey a command only if he sees a point to it.

    Excerpted from World Atlas of Dog Breeds, 6th Edition. © 2009 T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Used by Permission.

    World Atlas of Dog Breeds

  • Breed of the Month: Border Collie
    October 21, 2011 by Nylabone Products  |  Breed of the Month  |  Comments (6)  | 
    Border Collie

    Country of Origin: Great Britain
    Height: 18–22 inches
    Weight: 27–45 pounds
    Coat: Two varieties—moderately long double coat is close, dense, weather resistant, with coarse, straight or wavy, moderately long outer coat and soft, short, dense undercoat; smooth double coat, short and coarser than rough variety
    Colors: All colors, combinations, markings
    Registries (with Group): AKC (Herding); UKC (Herding)

    ORIGIN AND HISTORY

    The Border Collie is a sheep herding dog developed in the border country between Scotland, England, and Wales. Hundreds of years ago, most breeds of dogs were not clearly defined, and the Border Collie was simply known as a collie, sheepdog, or shepherd’s dog. The formation of the International Sheep Dog Society in 1906 helped stimulate interest in the shepherd and establish the Border Collie’s modern heritage. The breeding programs started to favor the quality of “eye” (a hypnotic stare that wills the sheep to move and turn) and a more trainable nature in order to win herding trials. The first notable dog of type was Old Hemp, born in 1894, who is considered the founder of the modern Border Collie breed. Today, besides working as exceptional farm dogs, Border Collies are renowned for their prowess in the fast-paced sport of agility, where accuracy and speed matter.

    PERSONALITY PROFILE

    Border Collies are considered one of the most intelligent breeds of dog on the planet. They are energetic, sturdy, sensitive, and able to make snap decisions on their own. They are friendly with familiar people and standoffish with strangers. Most Border Collies are workaholics—driven to herd anything and everyone continuously, although occasionally a more laid-back temperament can be seen. All Border Collies are happiest when given a chore and need to have an outlet for their energy.

    CARE REQUIREMENTS

    • Exercise: The Border Collie needs lots of vigorous physical exercise to keep him content. He needs mental stimulation as well—chores, activities, attention, and tasks.
    • Grooming: Both the coarser-haired and sleek-coated Border Collies need regular brushing to keep their coats free of dead hair and looking their best.
    • Life Span: 12 to 15 years.
    • Training: The Border Collie’s intense drive, desire, and intelligence make him exceptionally trainable.

    Excerpted from World Atlas of Dog Breeds, 6th Edition. © 2009 T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Used by Permission.

    World Atlas of Dog Breeds

  • Breed of the Month: Jack Russell Terrier
    September 21, 2011 by Nylabone Products  |  Breed of the Month  |  Comments (6)  | 
    Jack Russell Terrier

    Country of Origin: Great Britain
    Height: 10–12 inches
    Weight: 11 to 13 pounds
    Coat: Three types, all of which are weatherproof—smooth/rough/broken
    Colors: White predominating with black and/or tan markings; also solid white
    Registries (with Group): KC (Terrier)

    ORIGIN AND HISTORY

    In Devonshire, England, in the 1800s, the Parson John “Jack” Russell began breeding terriers for use in foxhunting. Using Fox Terriers and possibly small Beagles and bull-and-terrier-type dogs, he developed a strain of terrier that he felt was best suited to accompany his foxhounds—running along beside them until the fox went to ground, at which time the terrier could chase after and bolt the fox from its den. His terriers needed to be bold enough to go to ground, yet restrained enough not to kill the prey and ruin the hunt. By the end of the 19th century, terriers were used less for foxhunting (which had become prohibitively expensive) and were instead carried to fox and badger dens to kill or pull out quarry. During this time, all sorts of terriers were lumped together as “Jack Russell Terriers,” whether or not they possessed Parson Jack’s ideal of intelligence, stable temperament, and physical traits. Luckily for the breed, in 1904, a group of terrier fanciers in southern England was determined to save the Jack Russell Terrier and set the breed standard for the type favored by Russell.

    PERSONALITY PROFILE

    The Jack Russell Terrier is up for any challenge and any game. If he’s busy on the hunt, he is fearless and single-minded; at home, he is an enthusiastic companion, ready to explore and engage in any family activity. He isn’t shy about requesting attention, and he will practically insist on being in the center of things. Fun-loving, frisky, sporty, eager, and handsome, the Jack Russell Terrier is a great companion for someone who shares his enthusiasm for the outdoors and adventure.

    CARE REQUIREMENTS

    • Exercise: He must get several long walks daily, preferably to places where he can keep his hunting instincts alive—he will sniff down every hole and explore around every fallen branch. He is active and alert, and the occasional stroll will not satisfy his physical or mental needs for stimulation.
    • Grooming: All three types of coats—smooth, wire, and broken—are easy to keep clean with occasional brushing and combing.
    • Life Span: 12 to 14 years.
    • Training: The intelligent Jack Russell Terrier is also independent minded. For training to work, it needs to be highly focused to keep him motivated. Short, frequent sessions with well-timed rewards are best. Socialization from puppyhood is important to develop his social skills and manners.

    Excerpted from World Atlas of Dog Breeds, 6th Edition. © 2009 T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Used by Permission.

    World Atlas of Dog Breeds

  • Breed of the Month: Havanese
    August 17, 2011 by Nylabone Products  |  Breed of the Month  |  Comments (3)  | 
    Havanese

    Country of Origin: Cuba
    Height: 8.5–11.5 inches
    Weight: 7–14 pounds
    Coat: Double coat with long, soft, abundant, flat, wavy, or curly outercoat and woolly, not well-developed undercoat
    Colors: All colors
    Registries (with Group): AKC (Toy); UKC (Companion)

    ORIGIN AND HISTORY

    The Havanese is certainly a descendant of the Old World Bichon-type dog, but which type specifically is still a matter of speculation. Cubans believe that the dog originally came to their island with Italian sea captains, which would point to Malta or Bologna as the source. Others claim they came with the Spanish as they colonized the West Indies, which would indicate Tenerife or the Bichon Frise as the original ancestors. What is known is that the little white dogs were brought to Cuba from Europe in the 17th century. They adapted to the climate and customs of the island and produced a smaller dog with a silkier coat, called the Blanquito de la Habana, or Havanese Silk Dog. This dog was a favorite of the Cuban aristocracy during the 18th and 19th centuries. The Havanese Silk Dogs were eventually crossed with French and German Poodles, which had become increasingly popular, and named Bichon Havanese, as they are sometimes still called.

    PERSONALITY PROFILE

    The Havanese is a delightful companion—responsive, alert, mindful, and fond of everyone. He gets along with people of all ages, as well as all kinds of other pets. Outgoing yet intelligent, he is a good watchdog, as he will alert to unusual activity, yet he is not prone to excessive barking or nervousness. His long association as a cherished companion continues to this day.

    CARE REQUIREMENTS

    • Exercise: The Havanese is a curious and delightful dog who enjoys getting out and about to exercise and socialize. He will gladly accompany his family wherever they go, whether it’s around the house, around the block, or around the world.
    • Grooming: Pet owners typically keep their Havanese in a short, clipped coat, as the long hair needs a great deal of attention. Because the dead hair rarely sheds, it needs to be removed by brushing, which should be done several times a week.
    • Life Span: 13 to 15 years.
    • Training: A dog who thrives on the attention of his family, the Havanese is an eager and quick learner. A natural clown, the breed has been trained for the circus. He learns all kinds of tricks and requests with pleasure, as long as he is taught with positive, reward-based methods.

    Excerpted from World Atlas of Dog Breeds, 6th Edition. © 2009 T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Used by Permission.

    World Atlas of Dog Breeds

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